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British WWII's bombers

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Avro 683 Lancaster



Lancaster, also known as "Lanc" - the most used British heavy bomber of WWII. Lancasters flew 156,000 missions. The Lancaster was a development of the unsatisfactory twin-engine Manchester. It had a rectangular fuselage, mid-set wing and twin tail fins and rudders. It was able to carry very heavy bombs and bulky 'special' weapons; with modifications to the bomb-bay even 10.000kg bombs were carried.

Lancaster has a Martin upper turret with two 50-calibre guns. Maritime patrol versions had no top turret, andJirka Wagner only the front turret was armed with two .303-calibre machine guns. Drafty, noisy, and uncomfortable on long flights, the Lancaster was nevertheless strong, reliable, and a delight to fly.

 General characteristics Lancaster Mk. I
Primary function Heavy bomber
Power plant Four Rolls-Royce Merlin XX (or XXII) engines
Thrust 4x 1,460 HP 4x 1,090 kW
Wingspan 102 ft 31.1 m
Length 69.25 ft 21.1 m
Height 19.6 ft 5.97 m
Wingarea 1,292 sq ft 120 sq m
Weight empty 36,828 lb 16,705 kg
max. 70,000 lb 31,750 kg
Speed max. 287 mph 462 km/h
cruising 210 mph 338 km/h
Ceiling 24,500 ft 7,470 m
Range 1,662 mi 2,675 km
Armament 10x 7.7mm machine gun; up to 9,980 kg bombs
Crew Seven (pilot, flight engineer, navigator, bomb aimer, radio operator and two gunners)
First flight 9.1.1941
Date deployed 1942
Number built 7,378 (incl. 430 in Canada)


Jirka Wagner

 

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Last updated 01.01.2017