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British WWII's bombers

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Avro 683 Lancaster

Lancaster, also known as "Lanc" - the most used British heavy bomber of WWII. Lancasters flew 156,000 missions. The Lancaster was a development of the unsatisfactory twin-engine Manchester. It had a rectangular fuselage, mid-set wing and twin tail fins and rudders. It was able to carry very heavy bombs and bulky 'special' weapons; with modifications to the bomb-bay even 10.000kg bombs were carried.

Lancaster has a Martin upper turret with two 50-calibre guns. Maritime patrol versions had no top turret, andJirka Wagner only the front turret was armed with two .303-calibre machine guns. Drafty, noisy, and uncomfortable on long flights, the Lancaster was nevertheless strong, reliable, and a delight to fly.

 General characteristics Lancaster Mk. I
Primary function Heavy bomber
Power plant Four Rolls-Royce Merlin XX (or XXII) engines
Thrust 4x 1,460 HP 4x 1,090 kW
Wingspan 102 ft 31.1 m
Length 69.25 ft 21.1 m
Height 19.6 ft 5.97 m
Wingarea 1,292 sq ft 120 sq m
Weight empty 36,828 lb 16,705 kg
max. 70,000 lb 31,750 kg
Speed max. 287 mph 462 km/h
cruising 210 mph 338 km/h
Ceiling 24,500 ft 7,470 m
Range 1,662 mi 2,675 km
Armament 10x 7.7mm machine gun; up to 9,980 kg bombs
Crew Seven (pilot, flight engineer, navigator, bomb aimer, radio operator and two gunners)
First flight 9.1.1941
Date deployed 1942
Number built 7,378 (incl. 430 in Canada)

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